Saturday, August 13, 2016

Some Autumn and future events

'Lancashire and the Spanish Civil War' conference: Saturday 20 August from 11am to 4pm at Pendle Leisure Trust, ACE Centre, Cross Street, Nelson BB9 7NH a conference is being organised by the Lancashire Association of Trades Union Councils. Papers on the theme of Lancashire and the Spanish Civil War include one from Stuart Walsh, on behalf of WCML, on the Aid for Spain movement.  Price £5 including lunch, payable on the day.  Further details from Peter Billington, email, tel 07709 622405.

TWO (special) News from Nowhere Club events in September
Saturday September 10th 2016  7.30 p.m.
 **** GALA Evening****!!
21st birthday of the News from Nowhere Club
All past speakers invited. Food & drink in plenty. Exhibition of 21 years of the Club. Screening of ‘Alfred Hitchcock in East London’ film by Bill Hodgson. Update on setting up local Hitchcock Museum. Readings from ‘News from Nowhere’ utopia by William Morris. Singing of Leon Rosselson’s song ‘Bringing the News from Nowhere.’
Epicentre, West Street E11 4LJ
FREE entry  - raffle – enquiries 0208 555 5248 – all welcome

               *Special EXTRA event to commemorate our 21st birthday*
!! Monday!! September 12th 2016
An evening with Iain Sinclair:
                                             ‘I take a walk every morning…’
Speaker: Iain Sinclair: Hackney resident, poet, film maker, essayist, award winning novelist, psychogeographer, ‘avant gardeist’ influenced by the Beat generation… Iain’s prolific, unusual life as a writer, observer and social critic will be the subject of tonight’s special event. You might like to read one or two of his works before the meeting to get the measure of his style. He will tell us what his life is like and answer your questions! The Newham Bookshop will be with us with copies of Iain’s books.
  7.30 for 8pm
FREE entry – raffle – all welcome
 at Epicentre, West Street E11

Enquiries 0208 555 5248
Barnsley Festival of Labour History - Friday 14th-Sunday 16th October 2016

The Civic, Hanson Street, Barnsley, S70 2HZ
Talks, discussion, music film - weekend ticket £10
Organised by Barnsley Trades Council to celebrate the 125th anniversary of our founding
Sponsored by the Society for the Study of Labour History

Highlights include
Friday 14 October - opening with gig by David Rovics (£5 entry) at The Old No. 7 Market Hill Barnsley
Saturday 15 October - Sunday 16 October
Speakers include Malcolm Chase, Dave Burland, Jill Liddington, Keith Laybourn, Louise Raw, John Newsinger, Donny Gluckstein, John Field, Anandi Ramamurthy, Ralph Darlington
On Saturday night there will be a screening of Ken Loach's film The Price of Coal.

Tickets / more info from Barnsley Trades Council c/o 33 Western Street, Barnsley, S70 2BT
Cheques payable to Barnsley Trades Council.  Tel 07594857960 for more info.

Peace History Conference 2016

This year's exciting and informative Conference will take place in Leeds, Yorkshire on 14th and 15th October .

The linked programme & booking leaflet give all the details for the two days of events entitled 'Conscience and Conscription: Resistance to War 1916-2016'.

To book please print the booking form from the pdf or go to the Movement for the Abolition of War website to book online.
Independent Working Class Education Network invites you to:
Sheffield Day School
October 16th 2016 12pm- 5.30pm
Venue: Philadelphia WMC, Upperthorpe, Sheffield

"It's The Economy Stupid- A Day of Economic
Thought & Discussion"
Sessions including:
    What is Neo-Liberalism? Is there such a thing as Corbynomics?
    Free Trade - Freedom or race to the bottom?
    Everything you wanted to know about economics, but were frightened to ask - panel discussion

Tickets: £5 book through - Pay on the day.
Courses in Manchester this autumn on the history of Radical Women

Michael Herbert will be teaching two courses on the history of Radical Women 1790 – 1980 this autumn, one in the evening and one during the day.
The first course will be in the evening and will take place at Aquinas College, Nangreave Road, Stockport.  It will begin on Monday 12 September, 6.30pm to 8.30pm.  The course will last 10 weeks and finish on 21 November.  (Half-term will be 24th October).
The course will explore the history of radical women in Britain, highlighting their struggle for civil, political and legal rights over two centuries. It will include the important  contribution made by many women from Greater Manchester.
We begin with Mary Wollstonecraft’s  book A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792) and then go on to the  radical movement of the 1790s, the risings of the Luddites, the Peterloo Massacre of 1819, the Owenite Feminists,  Chartism, Socialism, trade unions and the long campaign for Votes for Women which started in 1866 and ended in 1918 [in a way].

The second part of the course at Aquinas will start in January 2017 and covers the years 1918-1980.

For information about the course fees and how to book, please contact Sheila Lahan at the Adult Education Unit at Aquinas College, email  Telephone:  0161 419 9163.

Michael will also be teaching this course during the day at the Working Class Movement Library, starting on Tuesday 27th September, 11am to 1pm. It will cover the same topics as the course at Aquinas.  The course will last 10 weeks. Half-term will be 25 October and the course will finish on Tuesday 6 December. As part of the course there will be an opportunity to look at original documents and items in the collection at the WCML.
The cost of the course at the WCML will be £60, payable in advance. For more information about the course and how to book, please contact Michael Herbert:
More about and from the Working Class Movement Library:
Working Class Movement Library
51 The Crescent,
Salford, M5 4WX

Conference - Radical women, 1880-1914
There are just a few tickets remaining for our 17 September conference at the Old Fire Station, Crescent, Salford. 
The decades spanning the turn of the twentieth century saw an upsurge in female activism as women began to organise themselves into trade unions, take part in the socialist debates on social and economic change, and demand the vote. This conference celebrates the battles and achievements of working-class women in the drive to achieve a fairer and more balanced society. 
Keynote speakers: Professor Sheila Rowbotham and Professor Karen Hunt.  Full speaker lineup at
Price £20 waged, £7.50 unwaged including lunch. Places must be reserved and paid for in advance. Please email Royston Futter,

Heritage Open Days
On Thursday 8 and Friday 9 September at 2pm we mark 
Heritage Open Days 2016 with behind the scenes tours of the Library. Pre-booking advised via
Museums at Night
On Thursday 27 October we open in the evening (6.30pm-8pm) to mark the nationwide Museums at Night celebration. Broadside ballads from the Manchester region from the ‘Middleton Linnet’ Jennifer Reid form a counterpoint to Battle for the Ballot, in which singer-songwriter Quiet Loner uses original songs to tell the story of how working people came to have a vote.  The story will take in events like the Peterloo Massacre and introduce the people – Chartists, politicians and suffragettes – who fought for the ideal of universal suffrage.
Admission free.

New series of Invisible Histories talks
Our popular series of free Wednesday 2pm tours begins again in September:

14 Sept Granville Williams Pit props: music, international solidarity and the 1984/85 miners' strike.28 Sept Ray Physick The Olimpiada Popular of 1936 and the worker sport movement in the inter-war years.
12 Oct Katrina Navickas Protests and public space in Lancashire and Yorkshire in the age of radicals and the Chartists, 1789-1848. 
26 Oct Nicole Robertson “Organise, educate and agitate”: trade unionism and office workers in Britain, 1914-39. 
 9 Nov Mervyn Busteed Engels, the Burns Family and the Manchester Irish.
 23 Nov Malcolm Pittock Albert Evans, Bolton WW1 conscientious objector.

All welcome, admission free, light refreshments after. 

And on Tuesday 4 October at 2pm there will be a talk to mark Black History Month: Race, racism and the working class struggle by Lou Kushnick, founder of the Ahmed Iqbal Ullah Race Relations Resource Centre.  All welcome, admission free, light refreshments after.
Our exhibition To Make That Future Now! - 150 years of the Manchester and Salford Trades Council has been extended until Friday 16 September. More details at
On Wednesday 28 September our new exhibition, We Only Want the Earth, opens and runs until the end of the year. On the centenary of the Easter rising we explore the life of one of its leaders, James Connolly, socialist, trade unionist, nationalist and revolutionary.  We Only Want the Earth reveals the life and prolific works of this enigmatic man.
Exhibitions are open Wednesdays to Fridays 1-5pm, and the first Saturday of the month 10am-4pm. Admission free.

"And the above only gets us to the end of October... To find out more about the first UK reading of a new piece by Charlotte Delaney, playwright and daughter of Salford writer Shelagh Delaney, on 3 November, and other events before the end of the year, head to"

Sheila Rowbotham at the London Review Bookshop
19 October 2016 at 7 p.m.

"Sheila Rowbotham was one of the leading figures behind the Women’s Liberation Movement in Britain and one of the best-loved feminists of our times. In conversation with Melissa Benn, Rowbotham will discuss her latest book Rebel Crossings: New Women, Free Lovers and Radicals in Britain and the United States and its transatlantic story of six radical pioneers, showing how rebellious ideas were formed and travelled across the Atlantic.
They will discuss the fascinating perspectives offered by Rebel Crossings: on the historical interaction of feminism, socialism, anarchism and on the incipient consciousness of a new sense of self, so vital for women seeking emancipation. In differing ways they sought to combine the creation of a co-operative society with personal freedom, engaging with ideas and experiments that speak to our times today."



A year-long series of monthly discussion meetings, timed to take place during the run-up to the centenary of Russia’s revolutions of 1917.
Venue: Birkbeck, University of London

Full programme and further information:

Each discussion will be opened by historians, scholars working in academia who have spent many years studying the revolution in the Russian archives. But these are not academic seminars - they are open to all who share our interest in the history of the Russian revolution as a landmark struggle for social liberation. At each discussion there will be an opening talk of about 30 minutes, followed by open debate.
The emphasis in the discussion meetings will be on the social histories of the revolution - that is, how it was experienced by the mass of working people who participated.
By taking this approach we aim not to brush aside the role of political leaders, and their disputes and decisions, but rather to move beyond these well-known debates and reach a deeper understanding of the revolution as the active participation of millions of people in changing history.
We hope that by developing our theme over a year of meetings, we will be able collectively to engage in serious thinking and re-thinking about the revolution and its significance for our past and present.

William Dixon, Brendan McGeever, Simon Pirani (Organisers)  

Oct 27 – Steve Smith (University of Oxford): The Social History of the Russian Revolution and Civil War, 1917-1921
Nov 24 – Brendan McGeever (Birkbeck, University of London): Antisemitism and Revolutionary Politics in the Russian Revolution, 1917-1919
Dec 15 – Andy Willimott (Reading University): Living the Revolution: Urban Communes in 1920s Russia and the Invention of a Socialist Lifestyle

Jan 26 – Sarah Badcock (Nottingham University): The 1917 Revolutions at Local Level
Feb 23 – Katy Turton (Queens University, Belfast): Women in Revolt: the Female Experience of the 1917 Revolutions
March 16 – George Gilbert (Southampton University): The Radical Right and the Russian Revolution
March 30 –Dimitri Tolkatsch (University of Freiburg, Germany): The Ukrainian Peasant Insurgency in the Revolutionary Period
April 27 – Chris Read (Warwick University): The Social History of the Revolutionary Period
May 25 – Barbara Allen (La Salle University, USA): Alexander Shlyapnikov and the Russian Metalworkers in 1917
June 29 – Don Filtzer (University of East London): The Working Class and the First Five-year Plan, 1928-32
Sep 28 – Wendy Goldman (Carnegie Mellon University, USA): Taking Power: Remaking the Family, Levelling Wages, Planning the Economy
Oct 12 – Lara Cook (University of York): Local Soviets in 1917-18 and their Relations with the Central Executive Committee
Oct 26 – 1917 A Century On: A Debate (Speakers TBC, including Simon Pirani (author of The Russian Revolution in Retreat 1920-1924)
Nov 23 – Gleb Albert (University of Zurich): Early Soviet Society and World Revolution, 1917-27

From: History and Policy e-newsletter

Brexit and food prices: the legacy of the Hungry Forties

"Plenty of attention is being paid to the political and constitutional effects of Brexit, but what will its economic impact be on life’s most basic commodities? How did food prices inform the debate in the weeks and months leading up to the referendum, and how have they informed debate in the past? How have the spectres of want and hunger been invoked over the last century and a half in political contexts, and are we paying them enough attention now?
Debating these questions will be five historians and policy makers with combined expertise covering the period since the 1840s, the “Hungry Forties,” which live in political memory as the UK’s last serious sustained period of food poverty. The discussion is aimed at policy makers and practitioners working in the area of food poverty and food security, and aims to show how lessons from the past can inform decision-making today.
This roundtable will consist of four papers delivered by experts. There will be ample time for questions and discussion following each paper, and at the close of the afternoon."
Places are limited and RSVP is essential. Please book your place here.
CHAIR/COMMENTATOR: Professor Jim Tomlinson (Glasgow)
PANELISTS (all paper titles tbc)
Professor Anthony Howe (East Anglia) - The Hungry Forties and the Rise of Free Trade England
Dr Sarah Richardson (Warwick) - The Legacy of the Hungry Forties (Late 19th-early 20th century)
Lindsay Aqui (Queen Mary) - The Hungry Forties and the 1975 Referendum
Geoff Tansey (Curator, Food Systems Academy; Chair, Fabian Commission on Food and Poverty) - Food Prices and Brexit
The Global Economics and History Forum is run by Dr Marc-William Palen (Exeter), Dr David Thackeray (Exeter) and Dr Andrew Dilley (Aberdeen). The forum aims to bring together academics, business groups, policy makers and the public interested in how understandings of historical trade relations can inform current policy debates.

Call for Papers: Revolutionary Pasts

Revolutionary Pasts
Revolutionary Pasts: Representing the Long Nineteenth Century’s Radical Heritage’, 4 and 5 November, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne
How did activists remember, represent and reassess the revolutionary heritage of the ‘long nineteenth century’? On 4–5 November, Northumbria University’s ‘Histories of Activism’ research group will examine this question in association with the Society for the Study of Labour History (SSLH) and with the support of Durham’s Centre for Nineteenth Century Studies.

We will explore how movements, groups and organisations evoked the memory of particular events (e.g. the revolutions of 1789 and 1848, the Paris Commune, the Haymarket Affair) and how they cast or recast the legacy of particular movements (e.g. utopian socialism, Chartism, feminism). In doing so, the event explores narratives about radical and revolutionary legacies in both the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

We are currently accepting paper proposals for this event. Please send us a brief abstract (c. 200 words) and a biographical note or CV by 12 September. You can contact the organisers (Daniel Laqua, Charlotte Alston, Laura O’Brien) via

Members of the SSLH may wish to note that the Society’s AGM will take place during the conference. A full programme and registration details will be available in late September.
n.b. This page will be updated from time to time as new notifications come in.

Saturday, July 30, 2016

First World War Anniversaries in Scotland

Two items just notified from Scotland's People, of relevance to the real history of the war:

[1.] The first march by the Women’s Peace Crusade - Glasgow, 23 July 1916
One of the big centenary celebrations taking place in Scotland this year is the anniversary of the first march of the Women’s Peace Crusade. The first march of the Women’s Peace Crusade took place in Glasgow on 23 July 1916, with 5,000 people attending this demonstration against the First World War. Working-class women played a prominent role in the Crusade, with Helen Crawfurd (1877-1954, her maiden surname was Jack), the ‘Red Clydesider’ who had also led the Glasgow Rent Strikes of 1915, one of the movement’s leaders.

To mark the centenary of the Peace Crusade march in Glasgow, we thought we’d highlight a record that offers an interesting insight into Helen Crawfurd’s home life. So here is an entry from the 1911 Census, which shows Helen (aged 33) living at 38 Sutherland Street in Govan (in the parish of Partick), with her husband, Alexander (aged 82, a retired Church of Scotland minister), and Annie Laughland (nee Crawford), presumably a daughter from Alexander’s first marriage. It’s interesting to note that the 1911 Census entry spells Helen’s married surname as Crawford, not Crawfurd.

And elsewhere: Women's Peace Crusade in Lancashire
A correspondent writes:
Please note that a group of volunteers are making a film about the 1917-1918 Women's Peace Crusade in East Lancashire with money from the AHRC. Lots of new material has been uncovered from local archives - huge processions in Nelson, riots in Oldham and Blackburn, hats torn off and women demonstrators attacked. It has become clear that local Crusades were organised by women weavers often linked to CO families. In Nelson in particular, the COs were nearly all ILP men.  
[It is planned] to write a little booklet too about each town that has been researched - Rochdale, Manchester, Oldham, Nelson, Burnley,Bolton and Blackburn. 
The film will be made by the Clapham Film unit who made These Dangerous Women - a short film about the failed British delegation to The Hague International Congress of Women in April 1915. You can watch it on YouTube. 
We will be filming in late September/early October. We went to Glasgow to be part of their celebrations and work alongside them. 

 One of the WPC handbills
 - It was censored and seized in a raid on the local Manchester WIL [Women's International League for Peace and Freedom] offices in Autumn 1917 and at the same time a number of house were raided too - possibly local 'safe' houses for COs?  There are 6 handbills in the John Rylands library in Manchester. 

The 'peace button' was sold on all the Crusades.

[2.] ‘The North of Scotland Special Military Area’ - designated on 25 July 2016
On 25 July 1916, the area north of the Great Glen was declared ‘The North of Scotland Special Military Area’, and access to non-residents was restricted. Here are two contemporary reports [copied below] from ‘The Scotsman’ newspaper about the wartime travel restrictions that were introduced in north Scotland on that date.

The Scotsman July 18, 1916.
In future travellers to the North of Scotland will find their facilities somewhat restricted. Notice has been given that in exercise of the powers conferred upon them by the Defence of the Realm (Consolidation) Regulations, 1914, the Army council, with the concurrence of the Secretary for Scotland, have, by order, declared that on and after the 25th day of July a specified area, roughly north of the Caledonian Canal, will be a Special Military Area. The area in question includes the Burgh of Inverness and the whole of the mainland of Scotland which is situated to the north and west of the River Ness, Loch Ness, the road leading from Invermoriston Pier by Glenmoriston to Strath-cluanie and the river Shiel to Shielbridge, Loch Duich, Loch Alsh, and the Kyle of Loch Alsh. Except as otherwise provided by the regulation, no person shall on or after that date be allowed to enter the area without permission from the Commandant at Inverness. Permit books containing forms of application, and instructions as to how applications should be made are obtainable from any police station. Persons exempted from the provisions of the regulations include members of His Majesty's Forces, officials of the Crown, any person under the age of sixteen years, all dock-yard men employed in the area, and all persons who are or have been since the outbreak of war resident within the area.or in any part of the counties of Inverness, Ross, Elgin or Nairn.
In view of the agitation in some quarters for the closer supervision of aliens and naturalised foreigners, the military authorities are confident that in taking this step they will have the support of the public. That the new regulations will cause some inconvenience will be at once apparent. Something like a Continental frontier station is to be established at Inverness, where, unless the official permit is in order, anyone will be liable to be turned back. The railway companies will naturally be called upon to co-operate to some extent, and no ticket will he issued to the restricted area except to a person in possession of a permit. The official permit will require to contain a photograph of the holder. Adequacy of purpose will have to be proved before such a permit is issued. Although a tourist may be quite an innocent person, it is pointed out by the military authorities that there may be strong reasons for refusing permission to enter the military area. Cameron of Lochiel has been appointed Commandant at Inverness, and with his intimate knowledge of the district as an asset, it is expected that the regulations will be administered tactfully and with a minimum of friction.

The Scotsman, July 24, 1916.
The Secretary for Scotland forwards the following, through the Press Bureau, for publication:-

It is thought desirable to bring the following points to the notice of persons requiring to travel to places in the North of Scotland Special Military Area.
The area includes the town of Inverness and the mainland of Scotland lying to the north and west of a line proceeding from Inverness to Invermoriston Pier (Loch Ness): from Invermoriston Pier along the road to Shiel Bridge; and thence to the Kyle of Loch Alsh [Lochalsh] by Loch Duich and Loch Alsh. The restrictions applicable to this area come into force on the 25th instant.
Any member of the general public, desiring to enter the Special Military Area should apply to the police of the district in which he resides for the necessary forms on which to make application for a permit.
Two photographs of the applicant measuring not more than one and a-half inch square will be required. After obtaining the forms from the police he will have to forward his application to the Deputy Commandant, Special Military Area, Inverness, in whom the power to issue permits is vested.
Passengers will not be booked by the railway companies to stations north or west of Inverness unless they produce a permit to enter the Special Military Area.

The restrictions on the general public do not apply to persons under the age of 16 years or to persons who are and have been since 4th August 1914 ordinarily resident in the Special Military Area or in any part of the counties of Inverness, Ross and Cromarty, Elgin, or Nairn.

[The Special Military Area features in John Buchan's 1919 novel "Mr.. Standfast"]

Two recent blogposts cast a little more light on opposition to the war in Scotland:

*A First World War Conscientious Objector from Lewis* *Court-martialled on 11th July 1916* This blog has already looked at the cost to the Isle of Lewis of the First World War, and also at the situation of Conscientious Objectors (COs) to that conflict, in Britain generally and the London Borough of Ealing more particularly. Up until recently it has looked as though there were few if any Leodhasachs [Lewismen] who took the courageous and perilous path of conscientious objection when conscription was introduced in early 1916, although there were many who applied for exemption on other grounds
As well as Donald Maclennan, three other men from Lewis, as previously noted, appear on the Pearce Register. Their varying experiences in the First World War, according to the records on that database, are looked at here. In addition the Appeal Tribunal files for two of them have been consulted. 

Tuesday, July 5, 2016

Radical Housing in Tower Hamlets

New exhibition and events programme

Radical Housing in Tower Hamlets
20 June - 22 September 2016

Tower hamlets Local History are pleased to announce our next local history exhibition and events programme which will run for three months over the summer: Radical Housing in Tower Hamlets. From the rent strikes of the 1930s to the squatting movement of the 1970s and the formation of the first housing co-operatives, the fight for decent and affordable housing has a long history in London's East End.
Drawn exclusively from the archive and local history library collections and curated by  Learning & Participation Officer Perdita Jones, the upcoming exhibition will provide an overview of tenant action in Tower Hamlets, highlighting some of the key events and movements which have taken place over the last 100 years.

The exhibition was programmed to tie in with the conference Radical Histories; Histories of Radicalism organised by the Raphael Samuel History Centre, which took place next door to us at Queen Mary, University of London, from 30 June - 3 July.

So far confirmed are the events below to accompany the exhibition, with more being added to the programme over the next few weeks. All activities in the programme are free and take place at THLHLA, with the exception of the guided walk.

Tower Hamlets Local History Library & Archives
277 Bancroft Road

E1 4DQ
020 7364 1290

To book, please call 020 7364 1290 or email:

Exhibition Launch
Thursday 7 July 2016, 6:00 - 7:30pm

Join us for the formal launch of the exhibition with guest speakers to be announced. Free, no booking required.

Walk: Social Housing in Poplar
Tuesday 26th July, 7-9pm

Join Borough archivist Malcolm Barr-Hamilton for a walk exploring the history of social housing in Poplar. Limited space, booking essential.

Talk: East End Migrants and the Battle for housing 
Saturday 6th August, 2-3pm

Join academic and architect Sarah Glynn, who will talk about the struggle of Jewish and Bengali migrants for housing during the 1930s and 1970s respectively. Just drop in, no need to book. (past tense note: check out ...some very interesting stuff on housing struggles, rent strikes and more...)

Talk: Setting the Record Straight: housing politics and the archive
Thursday 18th August 6.30-7.30pm

Elena Carter, archivist, will explore how housing activists create and use archival resources to create a 'useful' past. Just drop in, no need to book.

Walk: Housing in Bethnal Green
Saturday 20 August 2016, 2:00 - 4:00pm

A guided walk exploring the housing heritage of Bethnal Green. Free, booking essential.

Film screening: Goodbye Longfellow Road
Saturday 17 September 2016, 2:00 - 3:30pm
A free screening of rarely seen 'Goodbye Longfellow Road' (1977, 78 mins), a documentary originally broadcast on ITV, telling the story of the residents of a Stepney street. Declared a slum in the 1930s, earmarked for demolition in 1943 but still inhabited in the 1970s: what happened when the bulldozers finally moved in?
No booking required.

Past Tense comments: 
"... Especially important at the moment with so much upheaval in East London, gentrification, displacement and deliberate dismantling of social housing, and the growing resistance from those being forced out and displaced."

Friday, July 1, 2016

Trying Times: More Anarchists in 1894, Part 2

Witnesses for the Defence.

WILLIAM MORRIS . I live at 26, Upper Mall, Hammersmith—I knew Cantwell as a member of the Socialist League, of which I was a member—I never heard him oppose acts of outrage, but such questions did not arise at that time—I am the author of this verse upon the placard—I knew Cantwell pretty well, as I should have known the other members of the league for some time, and my impression of him is that he was a very good-natured man; I should have thought he would not have done any harm to anybody or anything—he was, perhaps, rather rash, or boyish is the word I should use about him. (The COURT ruled that MR. FARRELLY could not ask the witness questions as to principles Cantwell had expressed formerly, or as to the meaning of the verse upon the placard.)
Cross-examined. I have not seen much of him lately—it is something less than five years since I left the Socialist League, but I have seen Cantwell since.

EVELYN GEORGE STRIDE . I live at 33, Calderon Road, Leytonstone, and am clerk to a foreign exchange broker—I was present at the Tower Hill meeting on 29th June—I saw Quin there—there was a good deal of interruption of his speech—it seemed as if the interrupters were interrupting purposely, as if they came for that purpose—I am not acquainted with the prisoners—I never saw them before the meeting—I come to give evidence because I saw a letter in the Weekly Times and Echo asking anybody who was present on 29th June to communicate with Mr. Bamford, the solicitor—I heard part of Quin's speech—I was there about five or seven minutes before the meeting broke up—I did not hear him say anything about bombs, or "Damn the Queen," or incite to murder anybody—I did not see him distribute pamphlets. 

Cross-examined. I arrived at the meeting about five or ten minutes before it closed—Quin was then speaking—he held in front of him the large yellow bill—I could read the largest letters—I do not approve of it—I did not hear the beginning of his speech—there was a good deal of interruption at the close—there seemed persistent cries from some of the crowd—I heard, "Shut up"—I did not hear, "Shoot them!" or "Lynch them!"—I saw Quin all at once disappear very quickly from the parapet—I don't know how it was; he might have been jostled off—I heard no reference to M. Carnot or France, or the things that had been done there, or that should be done there.

JOSEPH LEWIS . I live at 41, Buxton Street, Mile End New Town—I am a furrier, but having no employment in my trade my recent occupation is selling in the street—I was present at the Tower Hill meeting on 29th June, selling pictures and views in connection with the Tower Bridge—my attention was drawn by the crowd of people, and I went to sell my pictures—I was present during the whole of Cantwell's speech—I did not hear him use any violent language, or incite to murder, or use the word "bombs"—I stood ten or fifteen yards from the platform, on the fringe of the crowd—I could hear quite plainly, with the exception of some parts which I lost—I could hear as well as the ordinary crowd, I consider—I did not hear him say, "The deeds that have been done are not half bad enough to an extent," or "Perhaps there will be some more deeds worse," or "Make war against the blood-suckers"—I heard him say the workers were to organise against the capitalist—I did not hear him say, "Plenty in England to be served the same," or "There is a necessity these people should be removed," or "I will both fight and die: I shall be heard of tomorrow," or "The assassination of Carnot is fully justified," or "The Royal vermin should be served like other vermin" I heard him say, as far as I could understand, that the Royal Family should not open the bridge, but the workmen who built it—I did not hear the word "bombs" used—I did not hear, "They have done a good deed in assassinating Carnot," or "There will be some more of that," or "We have made ourselves felt in France, and will make ourselves felt here"—there was great uproar during the proceedings—I did not hear, "There are plenty Milling to die. I will lead them if they will follow"—I did not hear Quin inciting to murder—I did not hear, "We were heard of in France, and we will be heard of again and again," or "Out of a little harm great good will come"—I did not hear Quin say, "I hate the Royal Family"; he said he disliked the Royal Family—I did not hear him say, "D—the Queen"—I should recollect it most probably if I had heard it—I saw no pamphlets distributed, I am certain of that, because I should be the first man to hold out my hand for a pamphlet—I did not see any if they were distributed publicly.

Cross-examined. I have sold views and pictures daily for eight weeks—the last time I worked as a furrier was at Tibbett's, a leather merchant, about three months ago—I am not a speaker at these meetings; my views are against Anarchists—I am a Socialist—I speak at Socialist meetings when invited; I take no prominent part—possibly I spoke at an unemployed meeting in November last year upon the plea that I was unemployed, which I was—I have attended these meetings if I have been unemployed—I don't know that that has been often, with the exception of last winter, when I was out of employment—I attended the unemployed meetings in Hyde Park on one or two occasions—I attended the Tower Hill meetings last year—I may have spoken on Tower Hill just after Christmas, previous to my last employment—possibly I spoke there on 13th March, 1894—the burden of my speech was to endeavour to get the workers to organise to protect their own interests—I might have spoken in condemnation of the capitalist class; that was the subject-matter of my speech, for political action—I think I was unemployed in March—my principal occupation for the last year has not been attending meetings of the unemployed in Hyde Park and on Tower Hill; I may have been in work some days and not others—I was on the fringe of the crowd on this occasion; it grew large as it went on—I don't think there were three hundred or four hundred people—there was great confusion, but not among most of the people—I heard cries of "Lynch them" and "Lynch him," but the cries seemed to come from an individual throat—there was a surging mass of people moving towards the parapet, and then I believe Cantwell got down after some time—I cannot say whether I saw Quin get down—I believe he was interrupted in his speech, and that was the reason he got down—the crowd said some very nasty things—one of the crowd used the word "bombs" as a question put to the prisoners, "Did they have a bomb in their pocket?"—I have heard abuse of the Royal Family on several occasions—I did not hear such abuse on this occasion; I am quite sure—I heard, "I dislike the Royal Family"; I do not look on that as abuse—I heard Carnot's name mentioned by one of the crowd, but no reference to him from the speakers—one of the crowd called out, "What about the murder of Carnot?"—I heard no answer to that; the noise was very great—I heard no reference to France—I heard words to the effect that the Tower Bridge was to be opened to-morrow by Royalty, but the workers were the right people to open it, because they built it. and the speaking was much in the same strain about the bridge—the speaker went on about the bridge being built by the workers, and they did not have the benefit of it and the opening of it; and then it seemed to turn a rowdy meeting, and what else was said was partly lost by the noise—all I heard clearly with reference to the bridge was that it should be opened by the workers instead of Royalty—Cantwell may have spoken from twenty minutes to half an hour—I don't say I have given all he said; that was all I heard.

Re-examined. I am opposed to Anarchist ideas; I am subpoenaed here—there was a good deal of interruption at the meeting—my idea was there were three or four people there organised for the purpose of upsetting the meeting—I did not go for the sole purpose of attending the meeting—I had been selling there from ten in the morning—I was ten or fifteen yards from the prisoners, and there was room for four hundred or five hundred people to stand between me and them, because the place is very wide—I never spoke at a meeting till six or seven months ago—I had seen some of the organised interrupters at other unemployed meetings.

[Re-examined] By the COURT. I stayed to the end of the meeting—it ended in confusion—the whole of the meeting seemed to run away towards where the prisoners went—they followed the prisoners as quick as possible, and out of curiosity, I expect, to see what would happen to the prisoners—I did not follow them—I did not think the crowd would lynch them; they followed them just the same as any opposition at an ordinary meeting.

SAMUEL JOHN PARKHOUSE . I live at 32, Branscombe Road, Acre Lane, Brixton, and am a hackney carriage driver—I have been a police constable in the P and D Divisions—on 29th June I was on Tower Hill with my cab, on the rank—I heard the prisoners speaking from the parapet—I did not hear them incite to murder, or use the word "bomb"—I had never seen them before—I did not hear them say, "The deeds that have been done are not half bad enough to an extent; we must make war against the blood-suckers; plenty will be served the same in England; it will be necessary to remove the heads of States"—I heard something about the working classes, that they would not put up with the capitalists—I did not hear, "They have done a good thing in assassinating Carnot"—I heard them say, "We shall be heard of again"—I thought they meant the next day—I saw some pamphlets in the crowd—I did not see either of the prisoners distributing them—I did not hear Quin say, in reference to the assassination of Carnot, "Out of a little harm great good will come," nor about using bombs—I did not hear him say, "I hate the Royal Family"—he said, "There is quite as good in the meeting to go and open the Tower Bridge to-morrow as the Royal Family"—I did not hear him say," D—the Queen."

Cross-examined. There was some uproar during Quin's speech among the crowd—I could hear pretty plainly—I did not hear Quin's speech—I was on my cab, twenty-five yards away—I could hear pretty well what he said—I have said what I did hear—there were 300 or 400 people, I should think—two or three people seemed to annoy the rest; they kept interrupting the speakers—Cantwell got down, because the crowd swayed towards him—there were two or three agitators in the crowd who were annoyed at him delivering his speech—I don't know the agitators' names—they were agitating against the prisoners—I could not say they were annoying the rest of the people—I believe Quin was pulled off the wall by the agitators—I did not see the prisoners run for their lives; they ran away, and the crowd followed up—they could not run very fast, with such a crowd round them—I could not say they ran away; the whole crowd went after them, because, I suppose, the agitators going after them, the crowd followed, as they usually do—I heard Cantwell's speech fairly well, considering the noise—I heard him say, "The working classes will not be depressed by the capitalists," and "We shall be heard of again"—after that he made some remarks about the Tower Bridge opening to-morrow; that was the next thing—he had said it before, but he brought it forward again—I am positive I did not hear the word "bomb" used by anybody—somebody called out "bomb," but it was not the prisoners—I did not hear any reference to Monsieur Carnot by anyone—Cantwell made some reference to France, saying "The Government of France has been oppressive, and other Governments will have to be come at in some way; we shall have to make them come to the working classes"—I did not hear him say, "M. Carnot, the President of the Republic, has been assassinated, and there will have to be something of the same kind here, in order to get the working classes' rights"—I left the police in 1878, because I lost a sister-in-law who was on board the Princess Alice, and I went to the Inspector and asked him to let me off that night, to make arrangements, and he would not allow me off, and so I took leave, and I was compelled to resign.
Re-examined. When the crowd moved after the prisoners the agitators were pushing about among themselves.
"Gothic style drawbridge opened on 30th June 1894."
Scene of protests past and recent, not quite as it was then: 
 surroundings may have changed but the spirit of revolt survives.

JOHN ROCHE . I am a seaman—I was present at the meeting on Tower Hill the day before the opening of the bridge—I was selling medals of the Tower Bridge and photographs of the Prince of Wales—I was present during the whole of the prisoners' speeches; they stood on the parapet of the Tip-Top Tea Company's warehouse—I should say Cantwell spoke about half-past one or two, as near as I could guess—I did not hear either of them incite to murder, nor use the word "bomb"—I never saw them before till that day—Cantwell did not say, "The deeds that have been done are not half bad enough"—I did not hear him use the French President's name at all—he did not say, "We intend to make war"—all he said was "The Royal Family is coming down here to open the bridge to-morrow, and the public and the working men have more right to be on the Tower Bridge and open the bridge than the Royal Family, because the Prince of Wales is only living on the sweat of the brow of the working men"—I did not hear him say, referring to the assassination of Carnot, "There are plenty in England to be served the same," nor "It is a necessity that these people should be removed"—I was there throughout the whole proceedings—I did not hear him say, "I will both fight and die," nor "The Royal vermin should be served like other vermin"—I did not hear him say anything about Royal vermin—he did not say, "They are only fit for bombs"—I heard someone in the crowd say, when Cantwell was speaking, "If old Hawkins had hold of you he would make warm work of you, and you ought to be before him"—someone in the crowd not far from me shouted "Another Le Caron," referring to the man who said that Cantwell ought to be before old Hawkins—I did not hear Cantwell say, "They have done a good thing in assassinating Carnot; there are plenty willing to die; I will lead them if they will follow"—I went to Lockhart's coffee-rooms, after it was all over, and I noted down Quin's speech; not all of it; only what I could catch—I did not hear Quin say, "We were heard of in France, and will be heard of to-morrow and again and again," nor "Out of a little harm great good will be gained," nor "If I did use bombs, it would be for the benefit of the working men"—he said he did not like the Royal Family; he did not say he hated them—I did not hear him say, "D—the Queen"—if he had there might have been a rush on him.

Cross-examined. There was a rush upon him—if he had excited the public to murder he would not have been living, and in the dock now—the prisoners both ran away, and so would you if they had tried to kill you—the crowd ran after them—I went about my business—I went to Lockhart's for my tea a little after four, and then made a note of the speeches—at any public meeting I go to I take a bit of a note; it is a hobby of mine—I have been at a few meetings, not on Tower Hill—I was at the back of the crowd; there might have been more than 400 people—there was more shouting than disturbance—I cannot say why the crowd said the prisoners ought to be taken before Mr. Justice Hawkins.

DANIEL HANDS . I am a basket manufacturer, of 50, St. Paul's Road, Camden Town—this is Cantwell's knife—he has had it for eight years or more, using it for his work and other purposes—he was a basket maker—I have been in business about eleven years—Cantwell was extremely steady, hard working, and industrious—he worked for me for about four years—he made no concealment about this knife—I became acquainted with him when he was working in America—it is very usual to carry a revolver there—I am not an Anarchist, and have no sympathy with them—I belong to the Church of England—I know Cantwell perfectly well—he used to live and work in the same house with me in America and here.

Cross-examined. I know he has been connected with the Commonweal newspaper—I believe he has lived at 24, Sidmouth Mews—I know he spends a good deal of his time on the Commonweal, but I can't say what he does in connection with it—he has been connected with Socialists and Anarchists lately.
Re-examined. He has occasionally worked at his trade as well; I have had him to assist me when I have been busy—five or six weeks ago was the last occasion when he assisted me, I should say—I believe he used this knife then.

JOHN WILLIAMS . I live at 20, Collard Road, Walthamstow—I am a painter, in work—I was present at the unemployed meetings last winter on Tower Hill—I presided at the unemployed meeting on 16th January—Quin spoke; he requested my permission to do so—I was instructed by the executive to tell speakers that they were to keep to the question of the unemployed, and that no violent language was to be used—if violent language had been used I should have stopped the speaker, and denounced him—I have stopped speakers—I emphatically deny that the language, as given by Walsh, was used—when a speaker is up who does not belong to the Social Democratic Association, I never move from the parapet until he has finished, acting under the instructions of my committee—Quin might have told the meeting to adopt the principles of Christian Anarchism, as he was not a Socialist.
Cross-examined. I do not allow violent speaking as a rule, nor as an exception; I apply that rule to myself—I do not make strong speeches—I am prepared to stand by the police reports of all the speeches I have made—I believe I made a speech on 11th January, 1894, to the unemployed on Tower Hill, when Partridge and Hunter Watts were there—I did not say that I had said enough from time to time to put me under the care of the authorities; but that "I did not care one damn for Mr. Asquith or his satellites, and that I was fully prepared to run any risk"—Mr. Asquith has declared in the House of Commons that at all times I used such mild language that they could not get me within the power of the law—I said at that meeting that I was prepared to go to almost any length to compel the authorities to turn their attention to the unemployed question; that the only course open to the unemployed was to do something to bring them under notice, parade the streets, and they might depend upon it that, if one or two of them had to suffer, the majority would soon gain their object—I did not say I would do something to terrorise the capitalists—I don't think I asked my audience if they were prepared to strike terror into the hearts of the capitalists; I won't be too sure—I put it to them if any of them could be worse off if they were in prison, and they answered, "No"—I may have said, "Will you follow me one day next month?" and I daresay they said, "Yes"—I did not say, "We will go into Trafalgar Square, watch the divisions from which the police are drawn, and then go into the unprotected quarters and take those things you want;" nothing to that effect—I don't remember saying, "I will get up a scrimmage to create a diversion, and after the first scrimmage something will be done"—I won't swear I did not say it—I spoke at a meeting on 5th February this year—I did not tell the audience that they must remember they had chemicals on their side—I said, "The police have commenced their brutality; they must remember that science is not all on one side; science is also on the side of other men"—I did not say that they could make a small package for twopence, which, if carelessly laid down, would dispose of a few big constables, nor that a friend of mine had once said to me, "Send them to heaven by the chemical parcel post"—I said, "A friend of mine, in speaking of Joseph Chamberlain and other men, in addressing an unemployed audience, said that before these men would listen to opinions of those who were workless, they would have to be sent to heaven by chemical parcel post"—he was referring to those in power, I presume—I was speaking of John Burns, and I gave a quotation—I had been talking to the unemployed on the subject of how hard it was to get the authorities to listen to the claims of the unemployed, and then I said what my friend had told me—I did not say that my audience should not be armed with sticks, but with chemicals, which were much better—I did not ask them to go armed in future—I said that if the police were prepared to use violence on all occasions in the processions of the unemployed, the unemployed were, in my judgment, justified in using force—I said that they should not allow themselves to be kicked and stamped upon, as they were on Saturday, and they would be justified in using force to prevent it—I do not think I spoke at the meeting on 30th January—I abide by my view that something ought to be done by the unemployed, and that nothing would be done until the authorities are compelled to listen to their claims.
Re-examined. At the time John Burns said what I have given he was an unemployed leader.

GEORGE BANTING . I am a commercial traveller, of 125, Randolph Street—on June 29th, the day before the opening of the Tower Bridge, I heard Cantwell speak—he did not incite to murder anybody—I went to Tower Hill on business, and was there from one to 2.10 or 2.15—I do not know either of the prisoners—I saw a notice in the Echo from Mr. Bamford, saying that if anybody happened to be there, to come forward and state what they heard, and my wife said it was my duty to go—I stood in front of the speakers during the meeting, about the fourth row from the parapet—I heard all Cantwell's speech—I did not hear him say, "The deeds that have been done are not half bad enough in extent" referring to the assassination of M. Carnot, or "We must make war against the blood-suckers, "or" Plenty will be served the same in England," or "It will be necessary to remove the heads of States," or "Bombs shall be used," or "They have done a good thing assassinating Carnot"—I heard, "What about Carnot?" shouted out as an interruption to his address—I have it on my memory because I was anxious to know how anybody could justify the murder of Carnot—he said, "There are fanatics in every cause, and I am not here to defend them"—I have no recollection of hearing him say, "We shall be heard again and again"—I did not hear him say, "There are plenty willing to die, and I will lead them if they will follow"—I did not see either of the prisoners distributing pamphlets—I heard the whole of Quin's speech; he was not so long speaking as Cantwell—the first words he said were, "I stand here as a Christian Anarchist," and he went on to speak of the orphans of those who lost their lives in building the bridge which was going to be opened the following day, and quoted a few lines from Edward Carpenter and Shelley, and some Biblical quotations in reference to Christ—he said he was a Christian Anarchist, and that Christ said, "Suffer little children to come unto me," and he was only speaking on behalf of the helpless orphans and widows—I did not hear him say, "Further than France we shall be heard of again"—I never heard any justification from either of them of the assassination of Carnot—I did not hear the word "bomb," or "I hate the Royal Family"—he did not, at the end of his speech, say, "D—the Queen."

Cross-examined by MR. MATHEWS. I was in a shop on Tower Hill at one o'clock; I reckon I was there about 1.30 or 1.35—the meeting seemed to increase, because I took the outside ring at first, and when there was an interruption I looked round and saw people at the back of me—the interruption came from a quarter of the crowd concentrated in a particular corner; the interruptions were hostile to the speakers, and the demonstrations in their favour—the first interruption was "How about Carnot?" shouted very loud—Cantwell, who was speaking, replied, "There are fanatics in every cause, and I am not here to speak for such"—he went on speaking and dwelling on the fact that men had lost their lives, and said he could not imagine a more horrible bondage; even a hero lost his life in obtaining bread for his children—I cannot say that I heard much hostile demonstration, and there would have been none if it had not been for the interruptions—I think the majority of the men there wanted to hear what was to he said—the speakers did not refer to bombs except to ask if they could find the word in any literature which came from them, and no answer came—I have not read the pamphlet, of which he had some dozen copies on him—Cantwell was the first speaker; he got down from the wall, and then Quin got up—there were a lot hanging on the wall, and I should not be surprised if he was jostled down—the crowd did hot move towards the parapet with a view of tearing him off the wall—I did not see them make for him—I do not remember hearing the words, "The Government of France has been oppressive, and our Government will have to be seen to the same way to come to the working classes"—I cannot swear it was not said; I cannot remember everything; I have got my living to get—I heard the whole of Quin's speech—I heard him say with regard to France that he quite agreed with his comrade with reference to that dastardly dead in France; as a Christian he felt bound to do so—he said that he entirely endorsed all that had been said by Cantwell—I swear he did not say, "We have been heard of in France, and we will be heard of here to-morrow, again and again"—I listened very intently, and I assure you I could not hear a word to call forth anger from anyone, and I was very much surprised at the crowd—it was only a small minority of the crowd who were angry with Cantwell—Quin did not speak so long as Cantwell—I did not see Cantwell pulled off the wall—I have very convenient eyes; they have always been very convenient to me, and I am very proud of them—I did not see Cantwell run away or see the crowd follow; they stood on the parapet and behind the parapet as well, and it was impossible to see who was behind the wall—I was in front—I did not see either of the prisoners run away and the crowd follow them; I went straight away about my work—someone rushed at a speaker last night, but he was drunk—I do not suggest these persons were drunk—when they get a manly, straight-forward answer, I say it is a manly duty to be silent—I sympathise with the speakers—I did not hear Justice Hawkins' name mentioned—I did not hear the interruption.

Re-examined. I heard the whole of Cantwell's speech—I should say five or six people interrupted, speaking roughly from memory—they were all concentrated in one corner, in front on the left—Quin described himself, and spoke of Him who said "Suffer little children to come unto me," and went on to describe what He said; I remember it because it sounded so beautiful—I heard the whole of what was said on the platform; I was anxious to know what was coming from persons who called themselves Anarchists, and therefore I was very intent—nobody rushed from the front—of course I plead ignorance of what occurred after the meeting was over; I had my business to attend to—I was in the fourth row from the speakers, directly in front of them.

HENRY SUTCIJFFE . I am a packer, of Clyde Road, Tottenham—I have seen Quin; once he posed as a Christian Anarchist, and explained what that meant—I am not an Anarchist; I am a Radical—he did not advocate the use of force on that occasion; he distinctly said he did not believe in force—that was one Sunday evening in the winter, when he was lecturing at the gas-works; I cannot say the exact date.

JAMES CURTIS (Affirmed). I am a carpenter, but at present I am keeping a coffee-house at 14, Monville Road—I have been acquainted with Cantwell since the end of 1887—he is a very harmless, inoffensive man—I have had conversation with him many times, and have heard him speak in Hyde Park and Farringdon Road and the club-house at Morton—he is a basket maker—I am not an Anarchist, I oppose it on principle; it is very good as an ideal—I am a member of the Social Democratic Federation.
Cross-examined by MR. MATHEWS. There is a party of the Socialistic League led by Mr. Morris, and there is what you call the Commonweal group.

HERMAN DITCHER (Affirmed). I live at 81, Russell Road, Wimbledon—I am a Social Democrat, but in no way an Anarchist—I have known Cantwell six or seven years, and have heard him oppose the war of violence and outrage.

BRUCE WALLACE . I am a minister of the Congregational Union—I became acquainted with Quin by meeting him in London Fields about a year ago, when he was attending some matter in connection with the Ministers' Union, and afterwards at some of the conferences held on Sunday afternoons in my own church—his general character is good as far as I know—he describes himself as a Christian Anarchist Communist.

JOHN COLEMAN KENWORTHY (Affirmed). I live at 6, St. Andrew's Road, Plaistow—I met Quin at an open-air meeting at London Fields last year about September—I was interested in him in consequence of a letter of his which appeared in the Daily Chronicle in reference to a book of mine which had been recently reviewed—I know him as a man who professes Christianity, and takes an interest in social movements—I am an author and journalist.

GUILTY .— Six Months' Hard Labour each.

Link above will provide the text without the added colour and other minor changes/corrections.


And still trying to sort those pesky protestors
Could it have been some kind of collective/folk memory handed down in the Met that led them to take such bizarrely inappropriate action against anti-royalist demonstrators at the same site 108 years later...? (They didn't win that time.)