[1.] The first march by the Women’s Peace Crusade - Glasgow, 23 July 1916
One of the big centenary celebrations taking place in Scotland this year is the anniversary of the first march of the Women’s Peace Crusade. The first march of the Women’s Peace Crusade took place in Glasgow on 23 July 1916, with 5,000 people attending this demonstration against the First World War. Working-class women played a prominent role in the Crusade, with Helen Crawfurd (1877-1954, her maiden surname was Jack), the ‘Red Clydesider’ who had also led the Glasgow Rent Strikes of 1915, one of the movement’s leaders.
To mark the centenary of the Peace Crusade march in Glasgow, we thought we’d highlight a record that offers an interesting insight into Helen Crawfurd’s home life. [There] is an entry from the 1911 Census, which shows Helen (aged 33) living at 38 Sutherland Street in Govan (in the parish of Partick), with her husband, Alexander (aged 82, a retired Church of Scotland minister), and Annie Laughland (nee Crawford), presumably a daughter from Alexander’s first marriage. It’s interesting to note that the 1911 Census entry spells Helen’s married surname as Crawford, not Crawfurd.
|Children hold placards about fathers in the forces.|
And elsewhere: Women's Peace Crusade in Lancashire
A correspondent writes:
|One of the WPC handbills|
|The 'peace button' was sold on all the Crusades.|
[2.] ‘The North of Scotland Special Military Area’ - designated on 25 July 2016
On 25 July 1916, the area north of the Great Glen was declared ‘The North of Scotland Special Military Area’, and access to non-residents was restricted. Here are two contemporary reports [copied below, not linked] from ‘The Scotsman’ newspaper about the wartime travel restrictions that were introduced in north Scotland on that date.
(UPDATE) Two later blogposts here cast more light on opposition to the war in Scotland: